Education and social situation

Although by law, education in Angola is compulsory and free for eight years, the government reports that a certain percentage of students are not attending school due to a lack of school buildings and teachers. Students are often responsible for paying additional school-related expenses, including fees for books and supplies.

During the Civil War, nearly half of all schools were destroyed, leading to current problems with overcrowding in schools. The literacy rate in 2005 was 67.4%. The lack of school teachers, resources and identity papers, the presence of landmines, and poor health prevent children from regularly attending school. Although budgetary allocations for education were increased in 2004, the education system in Angola continues to be extremely under-funded.
The food and health situation of the Angolan population is catastrophic. Only about 30% of the population has access to basic medical care and only 40% have access to safe drinking water. Yearly thousands of people die of remediable illnesses. Also illnesses like malaria, meningitis or tuberculosis are strongly present.

Approximately one third of the population is partially or completely dependent on foreign food support.

The mortality rate of the children who are younger than five is the second-highest in the world, statistically every three minutes a child in Angola dies. Due to the lack of medical care the number of the women who die in childbirth is also extremely high.